Organizations often turn to wargaming to help it with strategic, operational and tactical planning and execution. Wargaming is a take on military wargaming and set in a business environment.
A wargame is a role-played simulation of an business situation, and is typically one that includes a set of teams representing a market or customer, a set of competitors and a series of other uncontrollable factors or entities.
Wargaming involves a series of rounds representing a set period of time or a phase in a plan. Representing reality, all teams act at the same time, each with missing pieces of information regarding what its competitors are currently planning or doing, or what is happening among the uncontrollable factors. After a round is completed each team learns the impact its decisions and actions have made.
Depending upon the situation an organization is facing, wargaming accomplishes multiple goals. Wargaming can help turn data and information about a market, competitors, and other factors into actionable intelligence that adds value to the quality of planning.
Wargaming can also create a suitable mix of both hard and soft deliverables. The hard deliverables from a wargame are generally documented in an action report shortly after the wargame is over. The soft deliverables are reflected in changes in the attitudes of the participants, including, knowledge and skills developed from wargame role-playing.